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Designing a Kitchen Using the 2010 ADA Standards
The Americans with Disabilities Act lays out the exact criteria necesary to make a kitchen accessible to people with all types of disabilities. The following guidelines (taken from the ADA) can be used as a basis to design a kitchen that meets the 2010 ADA Standards:
- Doors into a kitchen should be a minimum of 32" and a "swing clear" hinge completely clears thearea around the door opening. Using a lever-style door handle is always best. Pockrt doors can be a great alternative when space is limited.
- The countertop height should be a minimum of 28" and should be no higher than 34". The counter and supporting structure should be no more than 2 inches thick over the required clear floor space.
- Have a maximum countertop depth of 24 inches, the first 16 inches is workspace, the rest is used for storage.
- Wall cabinets should be close to the countertop even 44 inches from the floor. Include pull-out cutting boards, slide-out or roll-out shelves and baskets, and drawers with full extension glides.
- Space for knees requires at least a 19 by 30 inches from the floor.
- The sink should be 5 to 6 1/2 inches deep.
- The faucet should have lever and should not require any tight grasping, pinching or twisting of the wrist. A pull-out spray head is always a bonus. The single-handle model comes with a standard 9 1/2" spout and a push button control on the head for easy one-touch switching from stream to spray.
- The sink's drain should be located at the rear of the sink, to keep the knee space clear.
- Insulate the hot water pipes in the open area under the sink to prevent burns.
- Glare-free lighting, cabinets, and low-gloss counter laminate should be used.
- Lower or install switches, thermostats, and rheostats no higher than 48" off the floor.
- Place electrical outlets no lower than 15" off the floor.
When used properly, the ADA provides equal access for all disabilities.